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Additional Resources

Below are more books, articles and websites relevant to Lancaster County's African-American history, divided by four county locales for easier reference. For additional information check the Bibliography of African American Resources and the Lancaster County Historical Society Discovery Tool.



Crawford, John W. Newspaper Articles on Columbia's Black Community Found in the Columbia Spy. Typescript, 1987.

Kessler, Charles H. Historic Columbia; Founded 1788. Lancaster, Pa.: Lancaster New Era, 1988.

McCormick, Richard P. "William Whipper: Moral Reformer". Pennsylvania History. Vol. 43, p. 23.

Shirk, Willis L., Jr. "Testing the Limits of Tolerance: Blacks and the Social Order in Columbia, Pennsylvania, 1800-1851". Pennsylvania History. Vol. 60, p. 35.

Swiger, Anna M. Columbia, Pennsylvania: its People--Culture, Religions, Customs, Education, Vocations, Industry. Columbia: Columbia Bicentennial Commission, 1977.

"William Whipper in the Black Abolitionist Tradition"

"Pinn Family of Columbia"



Ellis, Franklin and Samuel Evans. History of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania with Biographical Sketches of Many of its Pioneers and Prominent Men. Philadelphia: Everts & Peck, 1883.

Lee, Jarena. Religious Experience and Journal of Mrs. Jarena Lee: giving an account of her call to preach the Gospel, revised and corrected from the original manuscript written by herself.

Mombert, Jacob Isidor. An Authentic History of Lancaster County. Lancaster, Pa.: J.E. Barr & Co., 1869.

Smith, Amanda Berry. An Autobiography: the Story of the Lord's Dealing with Mrs. Amanda Smith, the Colored Evangelist.

Smedley, Robert C. History of the Underground Railroad in Chester and the Neighboring Counties of Pennsylvania. Lancaster, Pa.: Office of the Journal, 1883.

Still, William. The Underground Railroad. Philadelphia, Pa.: People's Publishing Company, 1871.



Beechdale: Home of the Gibbons Family

Hopkins, Leroy T., Jr. "Among These Hills: African Americans in Lancaster County's Southern End". A paper presented to the Southern Lancaster County Historical Society on July 6, 2000.

Soderlund, Jean R. Quakers and Slavery: a Divided Spirit. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1985.

Solanco Heritage Project. History of Southern Lancaster County: 1729-1991. Devon, Pa.: William T. Cooke, 1990.

Spotts, Charles Dewey. The Pilgrim's Pathway: the Underground Railroad in Lancaster County. Lancaster, Pa.: Community Historians, 1966.



Bacon, Margaret Hope. Rebellion at Christiana. New York: Crown Publishers, 1975.

Forbes, David R. A True Story of the Christiana Riot. Quarryville, Pa.: The Sun Printing House, 1898.

Forbes, Ella. But We Have No Country. Cherry Hill, N.J.: Africana Homestead Legacy, 1998.

Hensel, William Uhler. The Christiana Riot and the Treason Trials of 1851; an Historical Sketch. Lancaster, Pa.: The New Era Printing Company, 1911.

Katz, Jonathan. Resistance at Christiana: the Fugitive Slave Rebellion. New York: Crowell, 1974.

Kendall, Harry W. Truth Crushed to Earth: the Legacy of Will Parker, a Black American Revolutionary. Kearney, Neb.: Morris Publishing, 1999.

Rettew, LaVerne D. A Charge of Freedom or a Fight for Freedom. Christiana, Pa., 2000.

Rosenburg, John. William Parker, Rebel Without Rights. Brookfield, Conn.: The Millbrook Press, 1996.

Slaughter, Thomas Paul. Bloody Dawn: the Christiana Riot and Racial Violence in the Antebellum North. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.




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