secthead Resources

African American Records Collection, 1780-1984

Call number:  MG-240

1 box     32 folders     .5 cubic ft.

Repository:  LancasterHistory.org (Lancaster, Pa.)

Shelving Location:  Archives South, Side 6

Description:  Collection contains an index to the Slave Registers, Mayor's Register of Coloured Persons or Negro Entry Book, and returns filed within the county. There are official records for slaves and their children in Lancaster County, as well as freemen within Lancaster City. Also includes bills of sale, a manumission paper, and a certificate for free persons of color.

Creators:  Lancaster County Historical Society, Lancaster (Pa.); Lancaster County (Pa.) Court of Quarter Sessions.

System of Arrangement:

Series 1 consists of the Slave Registers, official county records registering slaves and their children.

Series 2 contains the Mayor's Register of Coloured Persons, bills of sale, manumission paper, and other records.

Conditions for Access:  Restricted access for the Negro Entry Book found in Series 2, Folder 2: Use transcript in Folder 3 or microlfilm. Please make an appointment with the Director of Archival Services to use the original volume.

Conditions Governing Reproductions:  Collection may not be photocopied. Please contact Research Staff or Archives Staff with questions.

Language:  English

Source of Acquisition:  The historical society has custodial responsibility for Series 1, The Slave Register. This set of historic records is owned by the County of Lancaster. Sources of acquisition for items in Series 2 are unknown unless otherwise noted in the finding aid.

Administrative History:  Formerly called "The Slave Records of Lancaster County Collection." Name changed and arrangement changed on 13 June 2007.

Note:   The Negro Entry Book was conserved by the Conservation Center for Art and Historic Artifacts in Pennsylvania in 2007-2008. This project was funded by the Ressler Mill Foundation.

 

Series 1         Slave Registers

A compilation of papers filed by owners of slaves, showing date; name and address of owner; name of mother (usually a slave) and child; date of birth; sex of child; age when free; official seal and signatures; and date when filed.

Folder 1
1.  Cloth identifying strip from the original file drawer: "Slave Registers, 1780-1788."

2.  Label from the original file drawer: "Entries of Negro and Mulatoe children born after the year 1780."

3.  Return of James McCally from Salisbury Twp. Samuel, age seven. Ruth, age five. 7 June 1788.

4.  Return of James Clemson of Salisbury Twp. Julia and Pompy. 9 August 1788.

5.  Return of Solomon Etting of Lancaster. Margaret, age three, and Henry, age six months, children of slave Dinah. 11 August 1788.

6.  Return of Thomas Edwards of Lancaster. Dina, age one year, daughter of slave Jude. Jere, age one year, son of slave Reach. Jude and Reach had been in Christopher Reigert's possession. 16 August 1788.

7.  Return of William Smith of Earl Twp. Benor, age six months, son of Margaret Smith. 30 August 1788.

8.  Return of Andrew Caldwell of Leacock Twp. Darkus, age two years. 31 October 1788.

9.  Return of Robert Wallace of Earl Twp. Neal, age four, and Peter, age two. Abbe, four months old. 5 November 1788.

10.  Return of James Anderson of Salisbury Twp. Dina, age six months, daughter of slave Hannah. 13 November 1788.
11.  Return of Isaac McCamant of Salisbury Twp. Mingo, ten months old, son of Bet. 13 November 1788.


Folder 2
1.  Return of Alexander Scott of Little Britain Twp. Thomas, age three, and Charles, six months old, sons of slave Judith. 5 January 1789.

2.  Return of Robert Spear of Hempfield Twp. Prince, age three, and David, age two, sons of slave Debe. 9 January 1789.

3.  Return of Robert Maxwell of Drumore Twp. Girl, age eight, daughter of slave Beck. 5 February 1789.

4.  Return of William Bigham of Drumore Twp. Isaac, age one, son of Nance. 7 February 1789.

5.  Return of George McCullough of Little Britain Twp. Girl, age one, daughter of slave Philies. 7 February 1789.

6.  Return of Paul Zantzinger of Lancaster. Isaac, nine or ten months old, son of slave Jude. 25 February 1789.

7.  Return of John Hubley of Lancaster. Hannah, age one, daughter of slave Juddy. 26 February 1789.

8.  Return of Aaron Black of Little Britain Twp. Jim, age two, daughter of slave Moreeah. 27 February 1789.

9.  Return of David Breading of Little Britain Twp. Jane, age one, daughter of liberated slave Ruth. 2 March 1789.

10.  Return of James Old of Caernarvon Twp. Philis, age five; Frank, age five; Pheoby, age four; Fann, age two; Sall, age two; Mark, age ten months; and Hannah, age nine months. 3 March 1789.


Folder 3
1.  Return of William Gibson of Little Britain Twp. Moriah, age eight, daughter of slave Fillis. 4 March 1789.

2.  Return of James Bayly of Donegal Twp. Violet, age seven, daughter of slave Fillis.

3.  Return of John Evans of Drumore Twp. Ned, age seven, and Will, age six, sons of slave Silve. Pet, nine months old, son of Peg. 5 March 1789.

4.  Return of Cyrus Jacobs of Warwick Twp. Dine, age eight, daughter of slave Pol. 10 March 1789.

5.  Return of Amos Slaymaker of Salisbury Twp. Lidge, age seven, son of Esther. 17 March 1789.

6.  Return of Henry Skiles of Salisbury Twp. Abel, age two. 22 March 1789.

7.  Return of James Patterson of Rapho Twp. Dinah, age seven; Tom, age five; and Deb, age two, children of slave Hannah. 23 March 1789.

8.  Return of John Johnston of Sadsbury Twp. Ben, age four, and Ruth, age one, children of slave Esther. 25 March 1789.

9.  Return of Phebe Frazier of Little Britain Twp. George, age three, son of slave Hannah. 25 March 1789.

10.  Return of Phebe Frazier of Little Britain Twp. John, age two, son of slave Hannah. 25 March 1789.

11.  Return of James Cook of Donegal Twp. Timothy, age eight. Hannah, age four. Sall, age two. 25 March 1789.


Folder 4
1.  Return of William McIntire of Drumore Twp. Nane, age seven, and Thom, age eight months, children of slave Comfort. 25 March 1789.

2.  Return of William Henry of Salisbury Twp. Infant. March 27, 1789.

3.  Return of William Porter of Leacock Twp. Rechel, age eight, and Jacob, age six. 27 March 1789.

4.  Return of James Currin, executor of the will of William Currin. Thom, age seven, and Rose, age five, children of slave Lucy. 27 March 1789.

5.  Return of James Anderson of Donegal Twp. Hannah, age two, and Patrick, infant, children of slave Poll or Mary. 27 March 1789.

6.  Return of Alexander Boggs of Donegal Twp. Caesar, age seven. 27 March 1789.

7.  Return of John Whitehill of Donegal Twp. Prince, age two, son of Hannah (who was registered by John Middleton). 27 March 1789.

8.  Return of Brice Clark of Donegal Twp. Girl, age eight, daughter of Eve. 27 March 1789.

9.  Return of Ann Middleton of Donegal Twp. Barbara, age three, daughter of slave Jean (who was registered by John Middleton). 27 March 1789.

10.  Return of David Cook of Donegal Twp. Esther, age two, daughter of slave Rose (registered by Robert Spear). 28 March 1789.

 

Folder 5
1.  Return of William Steel of Drumore Twp. Maria, age seven. 30 March 1789.

2.  Return of Joseph Work of Donegal Twp. Lydia, age seven, and Frank, age four, children of slave Bett. 31 March 1789.

3.  Return of Andrew Porter of Little Britain Twp. Ben, age eight, and Pegg, age seven, children of slave Fanny. Nance, age one, daughter of slave Jane. (Fanny and Jane registered by William Porter.) 31 March 1789.

4.  Return of Hugh Peden of Rapho Twp. Bob, age five. 30 March 1789.

5.  Return of Alexander Scott of Rapho Twp. Tom, age six, son of Hannah. 31 March 1789.

6.  Return of Bartram Galbraith of Donegal Twp. Sall, age four or five. 31 March 1789.

7.  Return of Archibald Henderson of Salisbury Twp. Dina, five months old. 6 April 1789.

8.  Return of Elizabeth Ramsey of Bart Twp. Boy, five months old. 5 August 1789.

9.  Return of James Evans of Caernarvon Twp. Sylvy, age six months. 28 November 1789.


Folder 6
1.  Return of Samuel Cooke of Donegal Twp. Boy, six months old, son of slave Dina. 6 January 1790.

2.  Return of Joseph Work of Donegal Twp. Charity, six months old, daughter of slave Alice. 1 May 1790.

3.  Return of Michael Nicholas of Donegal Twp. Sally, age one, daughter of slave Phillis. 22 September 1790.

4.  Return of John Hubley of Lancaster. Phillis, daughter of slave Juddy. 8 July 1790. 22 September 1790.


Folder 7
1.  Return of Thomas Neel of Drumore Twp. Ven, five months old, daughter of slave Lid. 25 February 1791.

2.  Return of Thomas Edwards of Lancaster. Nathaniel, five months old, son of slave Jude (who was registered by Christopher Reigart). 20 April 1791.

3.  Return of John Miller of Lancaster. Jull, two months old, daughter of slave Phillis. 8 July 1791.

4.  Return of James Martin of Earl Twp. Jeffrey, six months old, son of Phillis. 3 August 1791.

5.  Return of Joseph Hubley of Lancaster. William, age four months, son of slave Poll Footman (who was registered by William Parr). 26 September 1791.

6.  Return of William Porter of Little Britain Twp. Benjamin, age four months, son of slave Jane. 15 October 1791.

7.  Return of Andrew Porter of Little Britain Twp. Benjamin, five months old, son of slave Jane (formerly owned by William Porter). 25 November 1791.

8.  Return of James Evans of Caernarvon Twp. Nancy, six months old. 10 December 1791.

9.  Return of Elizabeth Ramsey of Bart Twp. Bristo, one month old, son of slave Hester. 13 December 1791.

10.  Return of Samuel Cooke of Donegal Twp. Boy, three months old. 28 December 1791.


Folder 8
1.  Return of William Boyd of Salisbury Twp. Girl, three months old, daughter of slave Cathrin. 24 January 1792.

2.  Return of Robert King of Drumore Twp. Jonathan, three months old, son of slave Mintua. 30 April 1792.

3.  Return of Oliver Caldwell of Little Britain Twp. Joseph, four months old, son of slave Ruth. 29 May 1792.

4.  Return of William Conkle of Bart Twp. Hannah, five months old, daughter of Sib. 1 June 1792.

5.  Return of Stephen Long of Little Britain Twp. Samuel, four months old, son of slave Pegg (who was registered by John Atchinson). 15 June 1792.

6.  Return of Joseph Work of Donegal Twp. Sophia, six months old, daughter of slave Alice. 20 June 1792.

7.  Return of Joseph Work of Donegal Twp. Lydia, six months old, daughter of slave Sall. 20 June 1792.

8.  Return of John Watson of Donegal Twp. Briton, two months old, son of slave Addah. 17 December 1792.

9.  Return of William McClure of Bart Twp. Shirkey, four months old, son of slave Jude. 31 December 1792.

 

Folder 9
1.  Return of Thomas Edwards of Lancaster. Michael, three months old, son of slave Jude. 8 February 1793.

2.  Return of John Evans of Caernarvon Twp. Priscilla, five months old, daughter of slave Abigail. 10 May 1793.

3.  Return of Zachariah Moore of Donegal Twp. Rachel, five months old, daughter of slave Lucia. 29 May 1793.

4.  Return of Robert Spear of Hempfield Twp. Fanny, five months old, daughter of slave Deborah. 29 May 1793.

5.  Return of Thomas Neal of Drumore Twp. George, six months old, son of slave Lydia. 13 June 1793.

6.  Return of Janett Cunningham of Lancaster. Ben, five months old, son of slave Jane (who was registered in Chester County). 15 June 1793.

7.  Return of James Evans of Caernarvon Twp. Hannah, six months old. 13 August 1793.

8.  Return of David Cooke of Donegal Twp. Juliet, six months old, daughter of slave Rose. 7 October 1793.

9.  Return of Michael Nicholas of Donegal Twp. Benjamin, six months old, son of slave Phillis. 13 November 1793.


Folder 10  Return of George McLaughlin of Martic Twp. Benn, age three. Paul, six months old. 24 March 1789. (Not on microfilm.)

Folder 11  Return of James Gamble of Drumore Twp. Fan, age seven. 6 February 1789. (Not on microfilm.)

Folder 12  Return of Samuel Cooke of Donegal Twp. Charles, age six. 28 March 1789. (Not on microfilm.)

Folder 13  Return of Jasper Yeates of Lancaster, executor of the estate of Peter Grubb, late of Warwick Twp. Hannah, age four, and Amy, age one, daughters of slave Nance. Fanny, age six, daughter of slave Amy. (Both mothers registered by Peter Grubb.) 22 September 1788. Not on microfilm.

Folder 14  Photocopy of copy by Clerk of Quarter Sessions, 21 August 1800. Bartram Gailbraith of Donegal Twp. registered Batt, age twenty seven, and Jacob, age fourteen, both slaves. 19 October 1780. Samuel Scott of Donegal Twp. registered Charity, age twenty eight, and Davy, nine months old, both slaves. 30 October 1780. Bartram Gailbraith of Donegal Twp. registered Sall, age four or five. 31 March 1789.

Folder 15  "An Act for the Gradual Abolition of Slavery." Printed in Philadelphia by T. Bradford. Was to be read in the May 1788 and August 1788 sessions of the Court of Quarter Sessions. Transferred from Quarter Sessions Papers 1788.

Folder 16  Index to Slaves, 1780-1834. Entries list name of owner and date entered. Indexed alphabetically by surname of owner.

Folder 17  Handwritten copy of the Slave Register for 1780, and the names from the Index to Slaves for that year. Transcriber unknown.

Return to top of page


 

Series 2     African American Records

Folder 1  Index to the Negro Entry Book. Compiled by Dr. Leroy T. Hopkins, Jr.

Folder 2  Negro Entry Book [or Negro Registry or Mayor's Register of Coloured Persons], 1820-1849. "Entries of free persons of colour . . ." Gift of Mrs. Wilbert W. Fryberger, 20 March 1980. Restricted access. Use transcript in Folder 3 or microlfilm. Please make an appointment with the Director of Archival Services to use the original volume.

Folder 3  Negro Entry Book [or Negro Registry or Mayor's Register of Coloured Persons], 1820-1849. Transcribed by Dr. Leroy T. Hopkins, Jr. 1984. Arranged by date of entry. Original manuscript on microfilm #205.

Folder 4  Return of Samuel Wilson of Bart Twp. Isaac, six months old, son of slave Diana. 30 May 1792. (Not on microfilm.) Purchased February 1985.

Folder 5  Bill of sale of Negro woman, Nann (Ann). To Thomas Dewers by James Crawford, 1779. Then to David Potts by Thomas Dewers, 1780 (on reverse).

 

Folder 6
Return of Josiah Lockhart of Lancaster. Mary, age six; Bill, age three; and Prissilla, age two. Children of slave Mary Brown. 1 September 1788. Transferred from Document Collection, Box 6, Folder 20, Item 7, January 2000.

Return of Susanna Edwards of Lancaster. Jesse, five months old, son of slave Jude. 22 May 1798. Transferred from Document Collection, Box 1, Folder 17, Item 3, February 2000.

Return of Charles S. Sewell of Manor Twp. James, five months old, son of indented servant, a negro woman named Sylfa. Witnessed by William Barton. 1807. Transferred from Document Collection, Box 2, June 2007.

 

Folder 7

Exemplification of sale between William Porter of Little Britain Twp. and Andrew Porter for negro slaves named Abner, Abbe, Senaca, Fann, Reach, Dark, Jean, Ned, Peg, Benn, Else, Cyrus, and Sam; farm animals; and household furniture. (Official copy.) 26 July 1785. Recorded and signed by George Ross, Recorder of Deeds, 17 March 1800. Transferred from Document Collection, Case 1, June 2007.

Bill of sale between William Porter of Little Britain Twp. and Nicholas Boyd of Drumore Twp. for the sale of a negro man named Abraham, a mare, and household items. Signatures of William Porter, Andrew Roat, Philip Gloninger, and William Bausman. Recorded and signed by George Ross, Recorder of Deeds. 10 November 1800. Transferred from Document Collection, Case 1, June 2007.

 

Folder 8

Manumission paper for George Haydon. Granted freedom by an act of the Virginia General Assembly authorizing the emancipation of the slaves of Izard Bacon, deceased, 11 February 1819 and that was effective on 15 June 1819. Transferred from the Document Collection, Case 2, June 2007.

Certification of registration for Abraham and Maria Burge, Abraham listed as a laborer, according to "An ordinance prescribing regulations concerning free persons of colour." Signed by Samuel Carpenter, Mayor. 28 February 1823. Transferred from Document Collection, Box 6, Folder 20, Item 6, January 2000.

 

Folder 9  The following items may not be be photocopied or scanned. Transferred from Document Collection, Case 1, June 2007.

Indenture of Fanny, a former slave of Jeremiah Heaton in Harford County, Maryland, to become an indentured servant in exchange for her manumission on the advice of her guardian, Thomas Harrison. 14 September 1811. Transfer of indenture to John Ewing in Allentown, Pennsylvania. 30 September 1813.

Terms of manumission of Fanny, presented to the Justices of the Peace of Maryland by Jeremiah Heaton. Received and recorded in Harford County, 22 July 1809. Certified 4 November 1813.

Transfer of indenture for Fanny from John Ewing to John H. Baker in Philadelphia. 28 January 1814. Transfer of indenture from John H. Baker to Anthony Gale of Southwark. 4 February 1814. Transfer of indenture from Anthony Gale via B. Graves to Edward Hudson of Philadelphia. 23 July 1814.

Transfer of indenture of Fanny from Edward Hudson to Mrs. Frances Evans of Lancaster. 15 April 1815. Transfer of indenture from Mrs. Frances Evans to Christian Leman of Strasburg Twp. 2 April 1818.

 

Folder 10  Letter from George W. Samson in Washington, D.C. to Hon. H. Cobb regarding the American Colonization Society's responsibilities to manumitted slaves in Liberia and outlines services for the former slaves which were provided by the society at the cost of the former slave owners. 7 September 1858. Transferred from Document Collection, Case 2, July 2007.

 

Folder 11  Transcripts of three letters written by Dr. John Carmichael Jenkins, a former resident of Lancaster County, in Natchez, Mississippi, to William B. Fordney Esq. in Lancaster. These letters, which address the subject of slavery "in all its bearings-moral, political and financial," were published in The Lancaster Intelligencer. Transferred from Document Collection, Case 5, July 2007.

Insert 1  Transcript of editorial by George Sanderson of The Lancaster Intelligencer regarding the letters of Dr. Jenkins. 24 February 1852.

Transcript of letter from Dr. Jenkins to William B. Fordney regarding a sermon by Rev. Dr. Wheaton of New England, the Fugitive Slave Law, the values of Northern and Southern exports, marriage, social and moral values, and a reference to the Gorsuch family of the Christiana Resistance. 1 November 1851. (The reference to Scrapbook #81 on the title page is no longer valid. The archives staff has not found a scrapbook which contains information about the Jenkins family of Churchtown.)

Insert 2  Transcript of letter from Dr. Jenkins to William B. Fordney regarding the British-British East India Company, China, the opium trade, slaves from India, trade and business practices, collieries, mines, destitution, morals, education-and slavery in the United States. 5 November 1851.

Insert 3  Transcript of letter from Dr. Jenkins to William B. Fordney regarding the cultural history and intellectual equality of Africans, the practice of slavery throughout Africa, the Fugitive Slave Law, abolitionism and free African Americans, the American Revolution, Thaddeus Stevens, taxes, revenue, and Pennsylvania politics. 10 November 1851.

 

Folder 12  Anti-Slavery Societies. Gift of Jack Brubaker, July 1990. Transferred from the Document Collection, 15 March 2012.

Insert 1  Letter from the Pennsylvania Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery to the Delaware Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery stating that they would send printed copies of several acts of the Pennsylvania legislature regarding the gradual abolition of slavery and the constitution of their society. The letter describes the acts of a Philadelphia ship owner in transporting Africans to the West Indies for slavery and then making port in Wilmington, Delaware to circumvent the laws in Pennsylvania and requesting that the Delaware society encourage their governor to abolish slavery. Signed by Thomas Harrison, Caleb Lownes and John Oldden. Benjamin Franklin, president of the society. Philadelphia. 3rd month, 17th day, 1788.

Insert 2  Letter from Theodore D. Weld, Office of the American Anti-Slavery Society in New York to Daniel Gibbons in Enterprise, Lancaster County requesting first-hand accounts of the conditions of slavery and also information about friends, family and neighbors who have moved to or from a slave state and/or married a slaveholder. 25 December 1838. (a corner of the letter is torn and missing).

 

Folder 13  Letters to Daniel Gibbons. Gift of Jack Brubaker, July 1990. Transferred from the Document Collection, 15 March 2012.

Insert 1  Letter to Daniel Gibbons from James B. Michener in Horsham, Montgomery County requesting information for his employee, Isaac Walker, about Isaac’s brother and sister. He shares Isaac’s location and also that of Joseph Smith. On reverse: inventory of the clothes of Henry Johnson. 5th month, 22nd day, 1834..

Insert 2  Letter to Daniel Givens in Bird-in-Hand from Stephen Smith in Columbia regarding the status and location of three slaves who were reportedly captured south of Lancaster. 5 March 1840.

Insert 3  Letter to Daniel Gibbons in Enterprise from Mary B. Thomas in Downingtown regarding the three African Americans now under her protection, who are anxious about being captured and wish to move on to Canada as soon as the woman’s son can join them. 5th month, 6th day, 1841.

 

Folder 14  Rev. James William Charles Pennington, escaped slave and abolitionist. Gift of Jack Brubaker, July 1990. Transferred from the Document Collection, 15 March 2012.

Insert 1  Letter to Miss Marianna Gibbons in Bird-in-Hand from T. H. Sands Pennington, adopted son of Rev. Pennington, in Saratoga Spring, New York, enclosing the detailed accounts of the capture, trial and return of his father’s relatives to slavery and regretting that he cannot furnish information about Harper’s Ferry. 1 August 1897.

Insert 2  “Prominent events in the life of Rev. J. W. C. Pennington, D.D.,” as recorded by his adopted son, Thomas H. Sands Pennington of Saratoga Springs, New York. No date.

Insert 3  “Capture, trial and return of the fugitives, Stephen Pembroke and his two sons, to slavery.” Brother and nephews of Rev. J. W. C. Pennington, D.D. [As recorded by his adopted son, Thomas H. Sands Pennington] No date.

 

Folder 15 Lists of Slaves. Transferred from the Document Collection, 11 February 2014.

List of the slaves in Caernarvon Township, Lancaster County, list compiled by John Lapp. 4 October 1800.

List of slaves in Caernarvon Township, list compiled by Edward Davis. 5 November 1807.

List of slaves in Donegal Township, compiled by Christian Ober. 13 November 1807.

 

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